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Philately of Switzerland

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retorixPerson was signed in when posted
09:55 PM PT (US)

16 August 1901

Two special event souvenirs.
Top - Vevey Exposition to Geneva.
Bottom - Basel Austellungen to Étréchy, France.

Both cancelers were made by deCoppet for the special puirpose of the public to see his new invention in action at the expo post offices.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
10:51 AM PT (US)

15 August 1901

London, England, to Oxford 16 August, forwarded and received Celerina 19 August.

G.B. printed matter 5th weight class 2 1/2d.
Rated 1st class when forwarded to Celerina. Weight 230gm @ 25 centimes per 15 gm = 3.75Fr due.�

Philosophy professor Schiller refused to pay 3.75Fr postage due for a bulky printed matter envelope forwarded to him in Celerina. [Put into perspective, full pension at his hotel was 8-10Fr per day.] After the item was returned to the sender in London, it would be remailed to him in Oxford at the original printed matter rate of 2 1/2d. �

Refusé label probably not available, population Celerina 1900 = 341.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
02:49 PM PT (US)

14 August 1866

Domestic letter sent from Luzern to Besazio near Mendrisio. A very early use of the new Güller rotating date wheel canceller.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:17 AM PT (US)

13 August 1902

Nice Basel razor cancel used on postcard to Oberried, Kirchzarten, Germany.
The sender obtained the card at the Hotel und Pension Hohfluh, Meiringen, and probaby mailed it outside the train station in Basel before crossing into Germany!
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:41 PM PT (US)

12 August 1964

Interesting informational label from 1964.
During 1964 Switzerland transitioned to using 4 digit postal codes, this was the primary reason Güller lost the contract to make Swiss cancellers - the company couldn't make the huge number needed in such a short time with the new post codes within the design of the canceller.

This example from the Trucial States to Bern shows that not everyone was up to date during this transition period!
The sender used the old "Bern 9" zone number and the label reminds the addressee to notify their correspondents that henceforth 4 digit post codes were required. The interesting point is the Bern date stamp used to tie the label to the letter was an old date stamp without the new code! We can see that Zone 9 was changed to Bern 3000.

I'm sure there are many more items with this label, but I like having one from the Trucial States!
Edited 08-12-2019 12:42 PM
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:34 PM PT (US)

11 August 1903

Postcard mailed with Swedish stamp in Christiania, Norway. Norwegian stamp added, 8 August, to pay for international postcard rate to St Gallen, Switzerland. Received 11 August.
Swedish stamp has blue pencil indicating invalid stamp.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:01 AM PT (US)

10 August 1912

Zurich, Hirslanden district office, to Malters, refused collection of Fr1.12.
Inscribed "Refusé: T. Blatter"
2 centimes postage 10 centimes to collect under Fr10.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
02:33 PM PT (US)

9 August 1907

Geneve Rue du Stand razor cancel to Alexandria Bay, NY, which is on the St Lawrence River, forwarded to Smithville, Wayne County, Indiana. Received August 20.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
01:06 PM PT (US)

8 August 1900

Uprated 5 centimes UPU commemorative postal card from Lausanne to Jules Turrian, Prilouki, Russia [modern Pryluky, Ukraine]. Note card was mailed 8 August and arrived 31 July 1900 [Julian calendar]!

Of interest is information found online about Swiss artist Emile-David Turrian, Jule's brother. There are two letters from Jules to his Uncle describing his situation in Russia circa 1905 and 1911 -

The final paragraph of the article gives us this – . . ."He died of illness with several of his family in 1917. The revolution had not spared him.
Nevertheless, he had the opportunity to return at least twice to the village of Le Séchey, which he had loved so much, the home of part of the family to the Vallée de Joux. The only survivor of the debacle was his daughter Natacha, born in 1891, who settled in Lausanne in 1944. She died there in 1957.

Learing this story adds to the purely philatelic aspect of collecting postal history!
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
02:24 PM PT (US)

7 August 1878

Basel to Amsterdam received 8 August.
UPU international post card rate was 10 centimes. I believe this is overpaid 5 centimes.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
08:16 PM PT (US)

6 August 1906

Geneve Rue Du Stand razor cancel [ 6.05]
Received Cairo 13 August; transit Gisa 13 August; misdirected via Faiyum-Cairo TPO 14 August; returned to Gisa 14 August; received Boulac-el-Dacrour 14 August.
International printed matter.

This was the only razor canceler manufactured by Güller & Cie. The device was delivered to the post office in November, 1904. It replaced the earlier deCoppet device removed from service in October 1903. Güller had been making Fleuron cancelers since December 1903 so there was no obvious reason for this device to be made in this style. The test was over and deCoppet didn't make it!
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:35 PM PT (US)

5 August 1895

International letter from Titisee, Germany [ a resort] to Hotel Schweizerhof, Luzern. Postage due probably paid by hotel since it is likely to be a room request from a guest travelling from Germany to Switzerland.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:32 PM PT (US)

4 August 1871

Swiss postal card Schaffhausen to Lahr, Baden. Rated as letter since no cards accepted at this time. Fewer than 10 known of this rate.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
12:30 PM PT (US)

3 August 1910

From Camp Tecumseh, Center Harbor, NH to Paris, France, forwarded by Morgan Harjes & Co to Hotel Schweizerhof, Luzern, Switzerland.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
05:56 PM PT (US)

2 August 1880

Mailed Luzern to Dennysville, Maine. The writer was on a tour of Europe with a college friend who was travelling for his health. I have a series of 6 letters from this correspondence of son to father. Thomas, as a young man, travelled with James Audabon to Nova Scotia and Labrador looking for new bird species. One bird shot for identification by Thomas was a sparrow which Audabon named the Lincoln Sparrow. Descriptions of travelling by train in overheated, smokey carriages makes one thankful for the modern conveniece of cars and planes! But the descriptions of walking in the mountians can'tbe experienced today.
retorixPerson was signed in when posted
01:27 PM PT (US)
Research of the cover below led me to some different versions of distances considered by the Swiss postal office. For example in reference to the 1850 Rayon stamp issue -

"The stamp denominations inscribed "RAYON" (French) and a Roman Numeral were designated for postal delivery zones outside the major Swiss cities.  The way the word "RAYON" is used in this context, in French, means "DISTANCE".

"The Swiss, during this period referred to distances in way-hours, with one way-hour being equivalent to about 4.8 kilometers or about 3 miles, thus ....
Rayon I - 5 Rappen - paid standard letter postage up to 10 way-hours or about 30 miles.
Rayon II - 10 Rappen - paid standard letter postage up to 25 way-hours or about 75 miles.
Rayon III - 15 Rappen - paid standard letter postage up to 40 way-hours or about 120 miles."

Obviously this changed and there became only two distances - local and distance. When did this change occur, and what were the distances? I know later local was 5km, and distance anything over that was distance as simplification and unification took place throughout the country.

Any table or charts explaining the old distances in modern distances would be appreciated. The letter below brings into question different possibilities for the rating of the letter - distance? weight?
especially the caveat in our July Tell where underpaid items were to be calculated during the period Sept 1876-Oct1884 "at unstamped rate with credit for stamps". The letter below doesn't match any possibility for this calculation of collecting psotage due!

Help appreciated.
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