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Postmoderism and Design

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53
2016123yuanyuan
01-22-2016
03:44 AM ET (US)
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52
Karen Millen dress
06-16-2011
04:52 AM ET (US)
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49
Mark InghamPerson was signed in when posted
03-24-2011
05:49 AM ET (US)
Dear Design Student

Thank you for a very lively session today and having a go with Quick Topic

http://www.quicktopic.com/46/H/PtjLGWsh99GQr

Before next week I would like you to look down the list of comments and choose one, that is not your own, to comment back on and then create a new message and post it to Quick Topic

You can also create your own Quick Topic Discussion Space and invite your peers to start a thread. This is a very good way of sharing and gaining information about a topic you may be interested in.

http://www.quicktopic.com/

Also have a look at the article 'A case of never letting the source spoil a good story' at: http://m.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011...isfree&type=article

See you ALL next week when we will look at how to write successfully and with purpose.

All the best

Mark

http://www.quicktopic.com/46/H/PtjLGWsh99GQr
48
King's
03-23-2011
08:47 AM ET (US)
What is Modernism?
According to Christopher Witcombe in his article What is Art?...What is an Artist? (1997) The Roots of Modernism, he instated that “the term ‘modern’ is used to refer to a period dating from roughly the 1860s through the 1970s and describes the style and ideology of art produced during that era. It is this more specific use of modern that is intended when people speak of modern art. The term ‘modernism’ is also used to refer to the art of the modern period. More specifically, ‘modernism’ can be thought of as referring to the philosophy of modern art”. I think He is quite correct in the sense that during that era there were many art movements like surrealism, realism, cubism, etc. Modernism came then as a new style which cut across those movements and introducing the new styles like pop art.
Bibliography: http://witcombe.sbc.edu/modernism/roots.html
47
Jason
03-23-2011
07:59 AM ET (US)
According to Artsmia and Murray, Sarah (2009) Helium in her tongue tangling blog from helium.com she argues that modernism "refers to one who is an advocate of all things modern". She then goes on to discuss that we shouldn't think of modernism as an extension of previous art adaptations such as realism but to think of it as a discontiuation of the previous to consider that what was left behind from the old is more imporatnt then what was kept on. Artsmia describes modernism as a way of thinking from those of an art history background relating back to the 1880s. Like Murray the quote shows that modernism is a movemnet to represent the change from previous art styles.

http://www.artsmia.org/modernism/# (accessed March 23 2011)

http://www.helium.com/items/1321344-modernism (accessed March 23 2011)
46
shadequePerson was signed in when posted
03-23-2011
07:46 AM ET (US)
What is Modernism?

According to Jyoti Bhusal, Modernism is a time in our history when traditional values changed and literature became an outlet for troubled and rebellious souls.

In the article, Jyoti also mentions “Modernism is a artistic and cultural movement with its roots in mid-19th century France, generally defined by new forms of art, architecture, music and literature emerging in the decades before 1914 as artists rejected 19th century artistic traditions such as romanticism”.

Post-Modernism is a cultural movement which I believe has impacted the world we are in today. The modern period changed how we live and how we look at things. Graphic Design has developed through it.

Bibliography
Bhusal, J. (Nov, 28, 2007) 23/3/2011
45
Jaume
03-23-2011
07:35 AM ET (US)
As T. R. Quigley (16 Nov 07) says in his website http://homepage.newschool.edu/~quigleyt/vcs/postmodernism.pdf “Modernism is generally used as a way of referring to an aesthetic approach dominant in European and American art and literature in the Twentieth Century. The principles of formalism and the autonomy of art are generally assumed to be key features of Modernism”. Modernism was an art, literature, cience, and philosophy movement which change the dominant artistic culture.
44
Gurcan
03-23-2011
07:34 AM ET (US)
Whilst researching Modernism I found an article by Stephenson, John B. (1968) The American Journal of Sociology he dicusses the difference between Modernism and Modernization. He say the difference is the set of modern beliefs and values is Modernism. (Stephenson, 1968: 266)

Bibliography
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2775534?seq=2
43
Tammy
03-23-2011
07:31 AM ET (US)
While i was researching modernism i came across an article website called articlesbase.com and found this article by Jyoti Bhusal, p. (Nov 28, 2007) He quotes “ Actually, the word ‘modernism’ refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism.”
42
Jordan
03-23-2011
07:29 AM ET (US)
Modernism is the genre of art and literature that makes a self-conscious break with previous genres. It is literary movement spawning from the feeling of uncertainty and disillusionment that was left following World War I. Stein, G. (2002) Modernism (1914-1946), word document download found at http://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?hl=en&...e=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=ws accessed 23/3/2011.
Whilst I was researching post modernism, I came across an article, which said “Modernism roughly spans the time between World War I and the early 1970s. What we generally think of as the modernist ethic evolved first in Europe, among such architects as Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius, the latter two of the German Bauhaus school.” (Bose, S. 2008) http://www.preservationnation.org/magazine...t-is-modernism.html
41
Nathan Brown
03-23-2011
07:28 AM ET (US)
One interesting article from Ashleigh Berryman explained that “Modernism was experimentation in art, it was progress and a totally new way of thinking. Anybody could be modernist, ‘Dancers, artists, designers, musicians, architects, and writers… anybody who wanted to ‘Exit Victorian ways of thought and enter a new way of thinking. Modernism is giving up old ways in pursuit of new methods and avant garde attitudes.’” Berryman, A. (2011) What is Modernism? http://ashleighberryman.wordpress.com/2011.../what-is-modernism/
40
Ja-rae'
03-23-2011
07:27 AM ET (US)
What is modernism?
the word ‘modernism’ refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism. Time after the 20th century, the modernism deliberated departure from tradition to modern. Modernism is a artistic and cultural movement with its roots in mid-19th century France, generally defined by new forms of art, architecture, music and literature emerging in the decades before 1914 as artists rejected 19th century artistic traditions such as romanticism.


Jyoti Bhusal
Nov 28, 2007
39
Rui
03-23-2011
07:25 AM ET (US)
According to Witcombe L.E.C ART & ARTISTS: the Roots of Modernism

As an art historical term, modernrefers to a period dating from roughly the 1860s through the 1970s and is used to describe the style and the ideology of art produced during that era. It is this more specific use of modern that is intended when people speak of modern art. The term modernismis also used to refer to the art of the modern period. More specifically, modernismcan be thought of as referring to the philosophy of modern art.
38
Dardan
03-23-2011
07:21 AM ET (US)
What is Modernism?

According to Giddens, A from his article New German Critique, 1981 he states that “Modernism is neither only a protest against lost traditions, nor an endorsement of their dissolution, but in some degree an accurate expression of the "emptying" of time-space.”

Bibiliography :
http://www.jstor.org/pss/487860
37
Dav
03-23-2011
07:19 AM ET (US)
While researching on modernism I came across an article written by Sarah Murray which states that “The definition of the term, Modernism, has long been a source of contention, but at its root, it refers to one who is an advocate of all things modern.”
Murray, p. (2009) What is modernism?
http://www.helium.com/items/1321344-modernism
36
Raha
03-23-2011
07:19 AM ET (US)
Modernist movement took place between the late 1800s and the early 1900s.
The Modernist movement is characterised by the abandonment of old ideas and breaking established rules, enabling people to free themselves to explore new avenues of thought.(23/03/2011 by Andrew Giddings )

http://www.journoblog.com/2010/11/467/
35
Luca
03-23-2011
07:18 AM ET (US)
I think that it isn't correct to resume Modernism, Postmodernism or whatever part of history in a sentence or in few words but I think that this quote from Josef Muller-Brockmann really make you enter in the thought of the time: "The grid system is an aid, not a guarantee. It permits a number of possible uses and each designer can look for a solution appropriate to his personal style. But one must learn how to use the grid; it is an art that requires practice."
34
ben
03-23-2011
07:18 AM ET (US)
modernisum was a movment that proceded realisum. it was great. everyone had a good time.
33
eiisu
03-23-2011
07:17 AM ET (US)
With regard to Postmodernism, Brendan McGuigan wrote the article on the website wisegeek.com , it is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, philosophy, critical theory, and music.
The word ‘modernism’ ,on the other hands , refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism. It attempted to rethink science, art, culture, ethics, philosophy and psychology. It attempted to the find new or hidden meaning in the human experience and had to deal with coming to terms with new ideas by Jyoti Bhusal from zuich.

Bibliography
( McGuigan, B. (2010)
WiseGeek , What is postmodernism?, http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-postmodernism.htm)
( Bhusal, J. (2007) ,Articlesbase , What is modernism? http://www.articlesbase.com/publishing-art...dernism-269796.html
32
Al
03-23-2011
07:16 AM ET (US)
According to the essay written from Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe that start "the word ‘modern’ was used to refer generically to the contemporaneous;"(1997)
bibbliography:
http://witcombe.sbc.edu/modernism/roots.html
31
Anthony Peacock
03-23-2011
07:16 AM ET (US)
According to Ashleigh Berryman (2011), on her personal wordpress blog she writes: Modernism was experimentation in art, it was progress and a totally new way of thinking. Anybody could be modernist, ‘Dancers, artists, designers, musicians, architects, and writers… anybody who wanted to ‘Exit Victorian ways of thought and enter a new way of thinking. Modernism is giving up old ways in pursuit of new methods and avant garde attitudes.’

Many people couldn’t accept this new form of art because ‘To accept this new art was to accept changes in society in general’

http://ashleighberryman.wordpress.com/2011.../what-is-modernism/
30
Povilas
03-23-2011
07:14 AM ET (US)
Acording to Sudip B. (May/June 2008) What is modernism? http://www.preservationnation.org/magazine...t-is-modernism.html, (23.03.2011)Trying to define modernism can be a frustrating exercise. As a style, it is less coherent, its boundaries looser, than, say, classicism. Many critics would argue that modernism is not even a singular style, that it incorporates a great variety of aesthetics and sensibilities. And just who were the modernists? Frank Lloyd Wright vehemently opposed being grouped with them, but modernist architecture would not have been the same without him.

Modernism roughly spans the time between World War I and the early 1970s. What we generally think of as the modernist ethic evolved first in Europe, among such architects as Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius, the latter two of the German Bauhaus school. The European modernists imbued their work with an inherent morality and social consciousness and were often associated with left-wing politics. Intrigued by the emerging technologies of the day, they embraced concrete, glass, and steel in their revolutionary creations. They eschewed ornament, rejecting what they saw as the frivolous strokes of Victorian and art nouveau styles. Their work was both spare (think of Mies' famous dictum "Less is more") and lyrical. Perhaps above all, they believed in function dictating form, though many architects, such as Le Corbusier, would eventually distance themselves from that tenet.

In 1932, Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock curated a landmark exhibition at New York City's Museum of Modern Art in which they coined the term International Style. Aside from introducing the work of architects such as Mies to the American public, the exhibit consciously tried to define a movement. The ground was now broken for a distinctly American modernism to emerge, and the architects who subsequently worked in this country became less concerned with the moral and social aspects of building and more interested in appearance. Jonathan Glancey, the architecture editor of The Guardian, sums up the movement this way: "Modernism was not simply a style: but more of an attitude, a determination to break with the past and free the architect from the stifling rules of convention and etiquette."
29
ben
03-23-2011
07:13 AM ET (US)
whfdj
28
Mark Ingham
03-23-2011
07:05 AM ET (US)
What is Modernism?
27
Dardan
03-23-2011
06:51 AM ET (US)
What is postmodernism?

With modernism being everything that concerns the “present” in particular relation to art, culture, architecture, society, politics and everything else and therefore postmodernism which literally means “after” is everything else that goes against the principles and practises of the modern world.

An interesting article I came across can be found here -http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/elab/hfl0242.html
26
Jaume
03-23-2011
06:42 AM ET (US)
It is tripartite: Post-modern-ism.

The ultimate element is the above-mentioned "ism" or the personal form
"ist." It is a Greek and Latin ending, connoting the adoption, often
perverse or specious, of the habits of a group.

The penultimate element, "modern," is a coinage of the sixth century A.
D. It comes from the Latin word modo, "just now, this moment."
The Modernists were in rebellion against all sorts of determinism, and they subverted the simple temporal causality of physical time by using flash-backs, by cutting back and forth, by introducing timeless revelatory moments.

The first and the final element of Post-modernism is its first syllable, "post." ""Post" in this context does not mean simply "after" in time, as period prefixes often do.


http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~hrp/issues/1992/Brann.pdf
25
Rita
03-23-2011
06:33 AM ET (US)
what is postmodernism?
firstly post means after...so this means after modernism...
but what is modernism? this is a genre of art, literature and other things.
modern is contemporary ideas such as modern furniture, modern fashion, modern art as you can see on this:
http://www.google.co.uk/images?hl=en&defl=...wi&biw=1276&bih=864

this link describes post modernism in a simple way: http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/gengloss/postm-body.html

'Postmodernism is "post" because it is denies the existence of any ultimate principles'
Edited 03-23-2011 06:36 AM
24
Reema Mana
03-23-2011
06:33 AM ET (US)
What is Postmodernism?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oL8MhYq9owo
23
Anthony Peacock
03-23-2011
06:32 AM ET (US)
"Postmodernism is a complicated term, or set of ideas, one that has only emerged as an area of academic study since the mid-1980s. Postmodernism is hard to define, because it is a concept that appears in a wide variety of disciplines or areas of study, including art, architecture, music, film, literature, sociology, communications, fashion, and technology. It's hard to locate it temporally or historically, because it's not clear exactly when postmodernism begins."

Bibiliography
http://www.colorado.edu/English/courses/ENGL2012Klages/pomo.html

So Postmodernism may not always be talking about just visual arts, but other new art forms that are different from the current.
22
Raha
03-23-2011
06:32 AM ET (US)
What is postmodernism?
Postmodernism is an artistic and academic movement that emerged during the 1960s and '70s as a successor to Modernism. Postmodernism rejects many of the fundamental assumptions of Western civilization since the Enlightenment period of the 18th century.

http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/...orks/us/jameson.htm
21
shadeque
03-23-2011
06:32 AM ET (US)
What is Post-Modernism?
Post-modernism is the cultural movement after the Modern period.
What is Modernism?
Modernism is when the traditional value changed and literature became an outlet for troubled and rebellious souls. Nov 28, 2007, Jyoti Bhusal
To me Post-Modernism is a movement of history which helped the culture of today for many reason, such as fashion, invention and design
20
zaza hakan
03-23-2011
06:32 AM ET (US)
Modernism is a time in our history when traditional values began to change and literature became an outlet for the troubled and rebellious souls. Modernism attempted to rethink science, art, culture, ethics, philosophy and psychology. It attempted to the find new or hidden meaning in the human experience and had to deal with coming to terms with new ideas.
19
Jordan
03-23-2011
06:31 AM ET (US)
Postmodernism is a movement after modernism. Such disciplines include art, philosophy, critical theory and music. Modernism is a reaction to against classical concepts in the arts and literature. Postmodernism is an extreme version of this, and it is not thought of as a separate movement, just a continuation of Modernism.
18
Ja-rae'
03-23-2011
06:31 AM ET (US)
What is postmodernism?
It is a complicated term or a set of idea that has only emerged as an academic study since the mid 1980s. It remains a to be a difficult, and infuriating topic that is common to see in words used in books or in magazine and other publications that ran a entire series of articles attempting to explain what it means. However the term itself is too vague to be useful in anything other than a stylistic sense.
(No More Rule)
17
Raha
03-23-2011
06:31 AM ET (US)
http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/...orks/us/jameson.htm
16
Gica
03-23-2011
06:30 AM ET (US)
Postmodernism literally means 'after modernism'. While "modern" itself refers to something "related to the present", the movements modernism and postmodernism are understood as cultural projects or as a set of perspectives.

Bibliography
http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&defl=...r9zDDg&ved=0CBkQkAE
15
yusra
03-23-2011
06:30 AM ET (US)
Postmodernism is related to the term "modernism". "Post" means to come after. In other words, postmodern thought is that which comes after or develops from modernistic thought.
Any style in art, architecture, literature, philosophy,design etc., that reacts against an earlier modernist movement.

http://www.essortment.com/definition-postmodernism-20903.html
14
Jason
03-23-2011
06:30 AM ET (US)
After the cultural movement of modernism from the 19th century, postmodernism is the kid in the back of the class that doesn’t follow the rules to bring the viewpoint of the world into a contemporary era.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodernism
13
Tammy
03-23-2011
06:30 AM ET (US)
What is Postmodernism ?

Postmodernism means after Modernism.
What is Modernism?
The word ‘modernism’ refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism.
What is Modern?
modern - belonging to the modern era; since the Middle Ages; "modern art"; "modern furniture"; "modern history"; "totem poles are modern rather than prehistoric
Bibliography
http://www.articlesbase.com/publishing-art...dernism-269796.html
http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=modern
12
Olu adesanya
03-23-2011
06:30 AM ET (US)
What is postmodernism?

This is the art of past movement of the certain period of western cultural, artistic and sociological history.

Bilobology

Books
Website http://www.essortment.com/definition-postmodernism-20903.html
11
eiisu
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
What is postmodernism?
Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, philosophy, critical theory, and music.

What is modernism?
The word ‘modernism’ refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism. It attempted to rethink science, art, culture, ethics, philosophy and psychology. It attempted to the find new or hidden meaning in the human experience and had to deal with coming to terms with new ideas.

Bibliography
WiseGeek , What is postmodernism?, http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-postmodernism.htm
Articlesbase , What is modernism? http://www.articlesbase.com/publishing-art...dernism-269796.html
10
zaza hakan
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
genre of art and literature and especially architecture in reaction against principles and practices of established modernism

wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
9
Zoeeeee
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
What is post-modernism?

Something postmodern would place it in the period of time since the 1950's, making it a part of contemporary history.
The concept can cover just about anything: the decor of a room, the design of a building, the diegesis of a film the constuction of a record, a tv commercial, a documentary on the arts, the layout of a magazine page, the dread of nuclear self-destruction, the decline of the university.
The beginning of the postmodernism movement was with architecture, Modern Architecture was established by masters such as Walter Gropius and Philip Johnson who focused on the "pursuit of an ideal perfection, harmony of form and functionm, and dismissal of frivolous ornament.
Postmodernism was originally a reaction to modernism. Largely influenced by the Western European disillusionment induced by World War II, postmodernism refers to a cultural, intellectual, or artistic state lacking a clear central hierarchy or organizing principle and embodying extreme complexity, contradiction, ambiguity, diversity, interconnectedness or interreferentiality, in a way that is often indistinguishable from a parody of itself.

Bibliography
Website: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091023222805AA1PrYH
Authors: Jody and Xenogist
8
David
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
interesting exhibition about postmodernism
http://www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/1...the_exhibition.html


http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&defl=...3O2oDg&ved=0CBkQkAE
“genre of art and literature and especially architecture in reaction against principles and practices of established modernism.”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbONkZsduZs
video about postmodernism
7
Reema Mana
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, philosophy, critical theory, and music. Many view postmodernism as a response to the preceding modernist movement, but where modernism simply reacts against classical concepts, particularly in the arts and literature, postmodernism takes this reaction to its extreme conclusion. Indeed, some see postmodernism not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle.

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-postmodernism.htm
6
Nathan Brown
03-23-2011
06:29 AM ET (US)
What do you get when you cross a postmodernist with a used car salesman?

An offer you can't understand!!

But on a serious note heres a link that discusses the differences between mondernism and post modernism: http://www.solomonsmusic.net/postmod.htm
5
Gurcan
03-23-2011
06:28 AM ET (US)
Modernism, in its broadest definition, is modern thought, character, or practice. More specifically, the term describes both a set of cultural tendencies and an array of associated cultural movements, originally arising from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Modernism was a revolt against the conservative values of realism.The term encompasses the activities and output of those who felt the "traditional" forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social, and political conditions of an emerging fully industrialized world.

Postmodernism is a movement away from the viewpoint of modernism. More specifically it is a tendency in contemporary culture characterized by the problem of objective truth and inherent suspicion towards global cultural narrative or meta-narrative. It involves the belief that many, if not all, apparent realities are only social constructs, as they are subject to change inherent to time and place. It emphasizes the role of language, power relations, and motivations; in particular it attacks the use of sharp classifications such as male versus female, straight versus gay, white versus black, and imperial versus colonial. Rather, it holds realities to be plural and relative, and dependent on who the interested parties are and what their interests consist in. It attempts to problematise modernist overconfidence, by drawing into sharp contrast the difference between how confident speakers are of their positions versus how confident they need to be to serve their supposed purposes. Postmodernism has influenced many cultural fields, including literary criticism, sociology, linguistics, architecture, visual arts, and music. Postmodernist thought is an intentional departure from modernist approaches that had previously been dominant. The term "postmodernism" comes from its critique of the "modernist" scientific mentality of objectivity and progress associated with the Enlightenment.
These movements, modernism and postmodernism, are understood as cultural projects or as a set of perspectives. "Postmodernism" is used in critical theory to refer to a point of departure for works of literature, drama, architecture, cinema, journalism, and design, as well as in marketing and business and in the interpretation of law, culture, and religion in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Indeed, postmodernism, particularly as an academic movement, can be understood as a reaction to modernism in the Humanities. Whereas modernism was primarily concerned with principles such as identity, unity, authority, and certainty, postmodernism is often associated with difference, plurality, textuality, and skepticism.
Literary critic Fredric Jameson describes postmodernism as the "dominant cultural logic of late capitalism." "Late capitalism" refers to the phase of capitalism after World War II, as described by economist Ernest Mandel; the term refers to the same period sometimes described by "globalization", "multinational capitalism", or "consumer capitalism". Jameson's work studies the postmodern in contexts of aesthetics, politics, philosophy, and economics.

Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodernism
4
Luca
03-23-2011
06:26 AM ET (US)
As the name suggests it is something which comes after the Modernism.
One of the most interesting things for me about postmodernism (which Rick Poynor highlight in "No more rules") in the 1990s is the deconstruction that graphic designers as David Carson started to use in their design. It is fantastic because it isn't considered as a style but it is a way to make the reader participates, trying to analyse and re-construct the content in his own way. On the other hand, it is also amazing the use of rationality of modernism. The reason why I like it is because the lack of unnecessary decorations and ornamentation which can be completely useless, it put therefore function before form. Graphic Design for me is about communication not putting fancy typeface on a sheet of paper
3
Vanya VasilevaPerson was signed in when posted
03-23-2011
06:23 AM ET (US)
Here is an interesting essay by Paul V. Hartman called 'What is "Postmodernism"?' http://www.naciente.com/essay15.htm

How did politics and society influenced Modernism and Postmodernism? http://www.essortment.com/definition-postmodernism-20903.html
Edited 03-23-2011 06:30 AM
2
Mark Ingham
03-23-2011
05:36 AM ET (US)
Today Wednesday 23rd March 2011 we are going to hunt for Postmodernism...

All the best

Mark
1
Mark InghamPerson was signed in when posted
03-21-2011
08:05 AM ET (US)
Have a look at:

http://vads.ahds.ac.uk/learning/designingb...crd_postmodern.html

At a philosophical level, Modernist design methods assumed that objects could have a priori significance – in other words that they could have a predetermined meaning that is in existence prior to the user experiencing the object. This implies that the meaning of the object is constant, predetermined, and independent of its situation. This position allows for the possibility of an absolute and universal meaning to be attached to an artefact, with the act of consumption being a passive reception of given meaning.

The cultural turn implicit in Postmodernism challenges the assumption that the object of study can be an autonomous entity – it is said that an object is not able to speak for itself, but is in fact 'spoken for' by its social and political context. The values associated with the object are determined by the position from which the object is viewed and aesthetic appeal is regarded not as a universal value, outside of history, but rather as an ever-changing quality relative to the circumstance within which the object is consumed. In consequence, the true nature of things is to be found in social processes and structures that surround them, rather than in an intrinsic, immutable quality of the things themselves.

And then comment on what you think about this article in relation to your own design practice.