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        Early Draft and Annotated Outline for Presentation at the Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference in Tucson. April 13-17, 2010 Add your comment on item 33

        Dr. Laurence J. Victor  4/10/2010 Add your comment on item 44


        This is a very long and unfinished draft outline that was reduced to a 20 minute lecture.  This outline may be expanded and polished into a book. Add your comment on item 55


        INTRODUCTION Add your comment on item 66

        Script for Verbal Presentation Add your comment on item 77

        See: http://www.quicktopic.com/44/D/jaBZDrGyvEr.html Add your comment on item 88

        Human Evolution Time Line   Add your comment on item 99

        see: http://www.quicktopic.com/44/H/9wu7uKV2A3R2D Add your comment on item 1010

Script for Verbal Presentation: Add your comment on item 1111


        Comment about the term "Consciousness" Add your comment on item 1212

        Do we talk about trees as leaves, sub-leaves (branches and trunks) and un-leaves (roots), in analogy to our sub-conscious and un-conscious? Add your comment on item 1313

        Or, maybe we should start with flowers and fruit as basic, which - in a genetic sense - they are. Add your comment on item 1414

        Why is the latest to emerge used as the reference to all others? Add your comment on item 1515

        Many psychiatrists still view the unconscious as an accumulation of debris from consciousness, and often the negative. They ignore that all creativity emerges from the unconscious. Add your comment on item 1616


        MAMMAL AND PRIMATE COGNITION, MINDS, CONSCIOUSNESS Add your comment on item 1717

        What would it be like to access the experientials of a dog? Add your comment on item 1818

        Not only that YOU as a human can experience (like viewing tv) what a dog experiences, but that your unobservable observer observes dog. Add your comment on item 1919

        Maybe dogs don't have observers?  A legit question, although I resist considering it. Add your comment on item 2020

        But, to not have human style experientials doesn't imply having poor experientials. Add your comment on item 2121

        For example, consider the experiential fields of humans with severe perceptual deficiencies. Helen Keller had not externally stimulated visual or auditory experiences. But, she may have inner experiences in these domains. What is it like to be an observer of the experiential world of such a variety of persons.  And, then all the vast diversity of people without notable disabilities. Add your comment on item 2222

        I often wonder how others would cope with my experientials - lacking inner, mental imagery in all sensory modalities. Add your comment on item 2323

        Use phrases like in red for links to explanatory systems Add your comment on item 2424

        Specious Present probably has greater duration than for a human, like extended short term memory in the background of consciousness - noticed but not attended to. Add your comment on item 2525

        But, may be able to adjust as needed in ways most humans can't do. Add your comment on item 2626

        Behaviorally, attention to point events and ability to follow, often rapid, changing movement is evident.  How might this be experienced by a dog? Add your comment on item 2727

        Attention is highly stimulus driven, or wanders on preprogrammed patterns. Add your comment on item 2828

        No motivation to do otherwise. Add your comment on item 2929

        Longer term memory of a timeline of past events probably doesn't exist - even for deep access.  There is likely no need for most mammals to have access to this information for survival. Add your comment on item 3030

        Can experience hallucinations - which means that visual field will be different. But, given the common routes of the mammalian visual system and basic efficiency principles for image processing, we would probably not find it too alien to experience visually as a dog.  But, not as a frog, or even a bird.  The experientials of fast flyers must quite different, such as hawks and bats.  Yet, sometime it really appears they are after things we don't see. Add your comment on item 3131

        What are a dog's experientials when just resting, conscious and alert?  Like our own passive meditation in place, but not naming things attended to or have any language present at all; not even thinking about what was being experienced. Just raw experiencing. Sometimes, other times attending to something expected to happen, like cookie time, or when watching you are eat. Add your comment on item 3232

        Dogs demonstrate expectation. Do they worry?  Yes, behaviorally, but how experientially?  The same for other mammalian emotions. Add your comment on item 3333



     Might consciousness not be unique to humans, but basically mammalian - enhanced, in content, by the greater human brain and language? What can we say about the distribution of consciousness in early humans as to waking, day-dreaming, and sleep-dreaming consciousness? Were hallucinations more dominant in early consciousness? What if early humans were unable to easily distinguish these different types of consciousness? Kieran Egan’s holarchy of nested levels of ‘tools for understanding’ (somatic, mythic, romantic, philosophical, ironic) suggests that early humans may have had their conscious experiences in the emergence of the mythic  from the somatic, when they are unable to distinguish  ‘reality’, ‘remembrances’, and ‘imagination/fantasy’. Might human consciousness first arisen in inner ‘dream-like’ awareness, later to be penetrated by ‘images from perception’? What would such ‘intrusions’ be like? Human behavior may have remained in the more “automatic behavioral mode of animals”. The explicit consciousness of perceptual reality many not have been a primary factor, but a secondary feature of human mental evolution. Human consciousness may differ from other mammalian consciousness by content and not by anything essential to consciousness. Add your comment on item 3535

     I was motivated to re-examine this issue when reading Karen Armstrong’s ‘The Case for God’.  Although Armstrong is not explicit in talking about consciousness, she reveals many significant aspects of its early emergence. For example, early consciousness had no concern about “belief”, which is embedded in complex language. For twenty centuries human youth were initiated into adulthood in the deep caves of France - where visual images fueled imagination and commitment. Yet, in India it was the sound feature of speech that was their first focus. A dominant perennial canon is the existence of a better ‘world’ beyond perceptual reality. Might this have come from an earlier experience of such a world in earlier dream consciousness? Some cultures today give greater ‘truth value’ to dream life than perceptual life. Add your comment on item 3636

     How has human consciousness been transformed by the different stages of language emergence: gestures and early speech, oral traditions and memory, early written languages for a narrow elite and listening for the rest, expanded literacy after the printing press, and the many faceted features of contemporary communication with video, computers and cell phones, texting and blogging, etc.? Given there are populations trapped in each of these ‘historical’ stages, what might we learn about essential differences in consciousness?  What might we lose while we gain? How might the consciousness of newborns, infants and children possibly reflect, in recapitulation, the emergence of consciousness types in humankind? Add your comment on item 3737

     Why have concluded that we humans, alone, have consciousness? Is it because we have associated human consciousness with language? The controversy is still emotional when claiming that animals have consciousness, in spite of the effort of Temple Grandin.  Julian Jaynes proposed a minor shift in human consciousness, in relatively ‘recent’ times, which remains (fortunately) controversial. Add your comment on item 3838

     My conference ‘presentation” will discuss what historical evidence and recent research I can discover related to this issue, as well as facilitating an energetic dialog on constructive speculation. Add your comment on item 3939



        Humans didn't begin with Ardi and Lucy, as primates. Add your comment on item 4141

        Our ancestors lived in social colonies, like prairie dogs, underground while thunder lizards stomped above. Add your comment on item 4242

        We could trace our lineage back further, to when prokaryotes merged in form eukaryotes and multi-cellularity emerged. But, that is another story. Add your comment on item 4343

        Identifying and relating to members of "your own kind" is a very old facility of living beings. It is facilitated by inherited structure. Add your comment on item 4444

        The social universe has always been structurally distinguished from other universes. These mechanism of social perception and behavior evolved from the earliest times. Add your comment on item 4545

        They were well developed by the time Ardi and Lucy lived in Africa. Add your comment on item 4646


        In 1971, driving my Minneapolis to Tucson, we stopped to observe  Add your comment on item 4747

        Prairie Dogs in South Dakota. I will always remember what I witnessed: Add your comment on item 4848

        Fields of prairie dogs stretching to the horizon. Nearby a fellow popped up from his hole, stretched and then looked around. About 20 feet away another prairie dog was preening by another hole. The first fellow was obviously attracted and slowly crossed the space between the holes. But, before the gap was crossed another prairie dog came up from the first hole, looked around, immediately spotted the first fellow - rose up and squealed. The first fellow immediately stopped, turned and ran back to his hole and was scolded. Add your comment on item 4949

        In what way were these prairie dogs "aware" of what was happening? Add your comment on item 5050

        I don't expect they had the experientials we might have in similar circumstances. Add your comment on item 5151

        But, they have brains and fMRIs would probably reveal telltale patterns. Add your comment on item 5252

        I want to propose a "groking" of the prairie dogs in social interaction somewhat analogous to what humans in similar circumstances my have occur in their "subconscious" that provides context and meaning-ground for their explicit experientials. Add your comment on item 5353

        Groking is a term first used by Science Fiction author Robert Heinlein to label a subtle "intuitive knowing" that is below consciousness, but influences conscious experience. Add your comment on item 5454

        Imagine this as flowing experience without an experiencer, or at least an observer lacking attention, ground without figure. Add your comment on item 5555

        Humans may enter their version of this during deep meditation. Add your comment on item 5656

        One function of this phenomenon may be as a "report" back to the whole of the momentary state resulting from perception and action. These records or memories - possibly states from quantum collapses - are resources for the WorldWeaving process. Add your comment on item 5757

        This may be related to what Damasio refers to as The Neural Self. Add your comment on item 5858



        AUTOPOESIS & COGNITION Add your comment on item 6060

        The "thing" I will be speculating on its "evolution" will have three tags attached: MIND, CONSCIOUSNESS, COGNITION. Add your comment on item 6161

        With Chilean scientists, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, I wish to attribute all life with "cognition", from cell to hive. Add your comment on item 6262

        Although they might not agree with its extension beyond the biological cell - as that is only where it has been adequately empirically verified. Add your comment on item 6363

        Autopoetic Cognition need not be a type of panpsychism, as it doesn't posit a mind or consciousness, only a "cognitive process". Add your comment on item 6464

        Their (Maturana and Varela) Autopoetic Hypothesis is consistent with my speculations. This starts with a physicalist view of reality. Add your comment on item 6565

        Every living being can be impacted by space-time patterns of energy on its sensoria (those parts capable of interacting with these impacted space-time patterns of energy) and disturbance of sensoria propagates throughout the living being. We will call this process "perception". Add your comment on item 6666

        Perception can alter (temporarily or permanently) the structures of the living being - and thus alter the processes that might later occur within those structures. Add your comment on item 6767

        The pattern impacted need not impose any specific changes in the perceiver. Much of the pattern can be totally ignored, and not go beyond the sensoria. The perception process is usually not a simply flow through of the pattern on the sensoria. Even when it might be, it is the perceiving being that makes this determination. Add your comment on item 6868

        According to Autopoiesis - NO INFORMATION is necessarily imparted to the living organism. Add your comment on item 6969

        STRUCTURAL COUPLING Add your comment on item 7070

        Conventionally, perception is modulated by ongoing processes ( and memory) resulting in the construction of an inner percept (a temporary resonant pattern of neural-molecular excitation), which then results in overt behavior and experientials. The cognitive structure (conventionally) results from the slow accumulative of assimilations and accommodations - building a "knowledge structure" and "memory store". Behavioral change occurs because some consequences of behavior are perceived and reinforced. Add your comment on item 7171

        Although this "behavioral" perspective is no longer explicit dogma, it still dominates scientific views of change in living systems. Add your comment on item 7272

        Information (and memes) can flow and process in neural/molecular networks (even involving quantum features), and in the process altering their structures (not strictly deterministically). Add your comment on item 7373

        Yet, there is no place in this perspective for the spontaneous emergence of new patterns of activity in the neural/molecular networks. Everything my be either "caused" or "spontaneously random". Add your comment on item 7474

        We might consider a possible exception: Add your comment on item 7575

        From a quantum perspective, cognitive "states" may be - at times - in a "quantum superposition" of possible "classical states". Through complex interference and chaos theory, a truly "unique" pattern might emerge - which if "successful" may be "fit" for a Darwinian selection process. Add your comment on item 7676

        Some philosophers speculate that reiteration of a few basic processes can generate the awesome complexity of our known cosmos. We must acknowledge that this is speculation - and that there may be alternatives. Add your comment on item 7777

        These philosophers should not be permitted to claim that Occam's Razor applies.  Occam's Razor is not a scientifically validated law and is most frequently used by establishments to suppress opposition or alternatives.  It is quite false that the "most simple solution" is usually the most correct solution. Add your comment on item 7878

        Yet, even this "exception" is inadequate to account for ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY. Add your comment on item 7979

        Consistent with autopoiesis, I propose an alternative. Add your comment on item 8080

        Central to life, and living beings - from biological cells to hives - is a fundamental process I call "WorldWeaving" (an variation of Nelson Goodman's "WorldMaking"). In addition to the physical processes of homeostasis essential for the biological survival of a living being, there is a "creative" process that seeks to "improve" or even "transcend". Add your comment on item 8181


        WORLDWEAVING Add your comment on item 8282

        WORLDS, as I use the term, refers to the whole of the relevant reality determining the moment-to-moment changes in a living being. Add your comment on item 8383

        We confront some essential circularity here.  "Worlds" as they "are" or "exist" are never experienced or observed. They are our human mental constructs we use in an attempt to comprehend ourselves and our experientials. Add your comment on item 8484

        What, from our external perspective is external to the living being, is not part of that being's world. However, features in the inner patterns of activity inside the living being might be associated (to our gaze) to events external to the living being. Add your comment on item 8585

        A living being may be suddenly exterminated by an external force that never registered within the being. This external force is relevant for our comprehension of the death of the being, but it would not be part of the relevant World of that being. Add your comment on item 8686

        External forces, such as drought, may have lasting effects on a living being - even when a "drought environment" is not part of its constructed World. What would be part of that beings World may be specific features gained from perception that are associated with drought and may lead the being to change for survival.  For the being, its relevant world can only be what is within it to "know" and "act on" (although I am not implying consciousness or deliberate or intentions at this level). Add your comment on item 8787

        WorldWeaving Constructs Relevant Inner Worlds for Living Beings. Add your comment on item 8888

        WorldWeaving is not "forced". Add your comment on item 8989

        WorldWeaving has a fundamental dynamics (involving an essential creativity). Add your comment on item 9090

        By fundamental dynamics I mean like the swinging of a pendulum or the sprouting of a seed. Laws of the systems enable/constrain change. Add your comment on item 9191

        Perception modulates WorldWeaving, not the other way around. Add your comment on item 9292

        It is only occasional that a percept can be viewed as a representation of a sensory input pattern. I only happens that these rare instances are those featured in psychological research. Add your comment on item 9393

        WorldWeaving is ongoing and periodically emits both behavior and experientials. Add your comment on item 9494

        The patterns of overt behavior, including speech and writing, need not have pre-existed in the World. They may have been created in the process of behavioral expression. Add your comment on item 9595

        That things emitted from a system need not have been within the system is not new.  In nuclear physics electrons are emitted from a decaying nucleus as a Beta-Ray, but now models of nuclei contain electrons as components. Add your comment on item 9696

        However, with the magic of quantum thinking, models can postulate virtual components that only manifest during emission. Add your comment on item 9797

        Thus, we might wish to distinguish between "language expression" and "languaging" (a term favored by Maturana). Add your comment on item 9898

        Languaging is a sub-process of WorldWeaving. Add your comment on item 9999

        Languaging is rooted in memory storage & retrieval processes and protocols, including categories, indexing, and identity. Add your comment on item 100100

        WorldWeaving is periodic and digital, with holarchical systems and networks. Add your comment on item 101101


        STRUCTURE AND PROCESS Add your comment on item 102102

        Structuring Process / Processing Structure Add your comment on item 103103

        Tradition: Dynamics is change imposed on the Static - with Stasis as most fundamental. Add your comment on item 104104

        Speculation: Temporality is primary. Add your comment on item 105105

        Problems is "Momentary States" Add your comment on item 106106



            AFRICAN GALAPAGOS HYPOTHESIS Add your comment on item 107107

            African Rifts emerged 30-2 mya. Larger primate precursors were arboreal. Knuckle walking had not yet emerged. Tectonics brought water into rift valleys. Chimp precursors moved to higher ground - where their subsequent evolution occurred. Human precursors retreated to isolated islands in the lakes, for their next stages of evolution. Add your comment on item 108108

            Speculation on some features of this island environment - in ways analogous to the isolation of the Galapagos Islands. Add your comment on item 109109

            Ardi may have evolved in environments other than where Ardi lived. Islands with trees would have given human precursors TWO developmental environments: arboreal and aquatic, having potential influence for cognitive development. Add your comment on item 110110

            Islands might have been free of predators, giving early humans freedom to develop child development strategies. Watching from trees they could have warned of the potential predator arrival and fish schools. Add your comment on item 111111

            Bipedalism occurs in all primates when wading. Fishing and other aquatic activities would strengthen bipedalism. Feet for climbing would have been an advantage working nets and gathering food from the lake floor. Add your comment on item 112112

            Diving may have developed greater breath control important for the evolution of human speech. Add your comment on item 113113

            Hairlessness may have emerged at this time. Add your comment on item 114114

            Population oscillation may have been a factor in accelerating genetic change. In-breeding could have pushed rare genes into dominance, and may have led to the social behaviors distinct in chimps and bonobos but both present in humans. Add your comment on item 115115

            Hot magma availability may have given these early humans a reliable source for fire. Add your comment on item 116116

            Eventually the water receded and the new humans precursors migrated to other settings in the Rift region. Add your comment on item 117117

            This hypothesis calls for new studies of geological and climatic activity during the Rift emergence; searching for locations where islands and long standing lakes may have existed. Hopefully strata from these sites will be available for anthropological exploration. Add your comment on item 118118



        Our current knowledge of human evolution from the times of Ardi and Lucy to today remains primitive, in spite of outstanding recent advances. May new questions have yet to be formulated, let alone old queries explored. Add your comment on item 120120

        For a very long period human brain growth continued while artifacts revealed little change in human culture or technology. Add your comment on item 121121

        It has recently been hypothesized that a separation of the human jaw from the skull enabled the skull to expand for an enlarged brain. Humans lost strong jaws that our primate relatives retain, but we gained larger brains.  Was this fortuitous? Another feature to include with the opposable thumb, our upright stance, hairlessness, etc. Add your comment on item 122122

        Derek Bickerton points out, in his speculations on the evolution of human language, that the growth of the human brain actually ceased and began to shrink around the time there was explosive change in the anthropological records for cultural change. Add your comment on item 123123

        Although brain size is an important factor, it should no longer be the primary criteria for advanced cognition. Our Neanderthal cousins had larger brains, smart parrots have tiny brains, and we have yet to discover what whales and dolphins do with their very large and different brains. Add your comment on item 124124


        MIGRATIONS AND ADAPTATIONS Add your comment on item 125125

        See Evolution TimeLine Add your comment on item 126126

        We are now learning much more about human migrations, and more knowledge will be coming; probably including some surprises. Add your comment on item 127127

        When and How Long Line for different human ancestors: Add your comment on item 128128

        http://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html#chart Add your comment on item 129129

        Human Variation Add your comment on item 130130

        "the DNA of [human] individuals is more alike than usual for most species, which may have resulted from their relatively recent evolution or the possibility of a population bottleneck resulting from cataclysmic natural events such as the Toba catastrophe. Distinctive genetic characteristics have arisen, however, primarily as the result of small groups of people moving into new environmental circumstances. These adapted traits are a very small component of the Homo sapiens genome, but include various characteristics such as skin color and nose form, in addition to internal characteristics such as the ability to breathe more efficiently in high altitudes. Add your comment on item 131131

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution Add your comment on item 132132

        The last glacial period was preceded by 1000 years of the coldest temperatures of the Late Pleistocene, apparently caused by the eruption of the Mount Toba volcano. The six year long volcanic winter and 1000-year-long instant Ice Age that followed Mount Toba's eruption may have decimated Modern Man's entire population. Genetic evidence suggests that Human population size fell to about 10,000 adults between 50 and 100 thousand years ago. The survivors from this global catastrophy would have found refuge in isolated tropical pockets, mainly in Equatorial Africa. Populations living in Europe and northern China would have been completely eliminated by the reduction of the summer temperatures by as much as 12 degrees centigrade. Add your comment on item 133133

        Volcanic winter and instant Ice Age may help resolve the central but unstated paradox of the recent African origin of Humankind: if we are all so recently "Out of Africa", why do we not all look more African? Add your comment on item 134134

        Because the volcanic winter and instant Ice Age would have reduced populations levels low enough for founder effects, genetic drift and local adaptations to produce rapid changes in the surviving populations, causing the peoples of the world to look so different today. In other words, Toba may have caused Modern Races to differentiate abruptly only 70,000 years ago, rather than gradually over one million years. Add your comment on item 135135


        GESTURES, SIGNALLING, TOOL USE AND TOOL MAKING Add your comment on item 136136

        Early human ancestors, like other mammals signal each other for coordinating actions, and engaging in tool making and tool use.  These features slowly improved among our early human ancestors, probably for multiple reasons. Add your comment on item 137137

        These features were and are emergent in all mammals. That one evolutionary branch would take the lead is natural; that is was our branch is "great" for us - but we should not attribute any single factor as special for our advancement or take any special credit for "making it happen". It happened! Add your comment on item 138138

        However, being in the lead in greater manipulation of the environment (tools) and greater social coordination (signalling) our branch was setting the stage for other, even more significant, advancements. Add your comment on item 139139

        Some requisite changes may have included a greater store and access for detailed information from our environment, an expanded specious present and access to older data, improved processing for enhanced realtime coordination, improved learning-to-learn competencies needed for cultural transmission, and the beginning of time-sequence access. Add your comment on item 140140

        The collective outcome of these changes was the emergence of human language. Add your comment on item 141141

        It is important to note that these changes were not invented by any conscious intent. They emerged in the species and would probably have been evident only in patterns of behavior. Add your comment on item 142142

        We can't even speculate on how these developments impacted the "experientials" of our ancestors. To the extent that they probably did disturb the normal mammalian awareness flow, it may have stimulated some primitive "meta-cognition" about these changes. But, again, this probably would have occurred below the field of experientials. Add your comment on item 143143


        THE EMERGENCE OF LANGUAGE Add your comment on item 144144

        The origins and evolution of human language remains controversial, although some may claim it not to be. Add your comment on item 145145

        I challenge the hypothesis that human language emerged primarily from an improvement of signalling communication; although later aspects of language evolution definitely involved this process. Add your comment on item 146146

        I speculate that the origins of language lie deeper, in significant changes in our memory system - both in storage, search, and access. Add your comment on item 147147

        This probably involved some basic improvements and additions to the "computational" processes in the brain. Add your comment on item 148148

        Similar improvements and additions must have occurred during the early evolution of the brain.  Changes leading to language would have been a continuation of this process, not a sudden appearance of it. Yet, it was very significant. Add your comment on item 149149

        One of these changes in brain function was probably a cloning of a system/process "module" and applying it to new data sets. Add your comment on item 150150

        Brain computation works with data sets. The exemplar is the retina, where stimulation of individual retinal cells are collapsed within neural eye ganglia before the significantly reduced pulses (information coded in temporal gaps) are propagated up the optic nerves to the main brain (the eye is an extension of the brain). Humans have researched how this data is processed and organized, into various brain regions. I will crudely call this process, "collection & analysis". Add your comment on item 151151

        "Synthesis" (how all these [products of analysis] are "re-organized" resulting in the NCC {Neural Correlates of Consciousness} for the conscious visual experiential) remains a challenge. Add your comment on item 152152

        Basically, a neural-molecular system {module} transforms one data set into another data set. Add your comment on item 153153

        Imagine the same neural-molecular system {module} being applied to a totally different initial data set. Add your comment on item 154154

        The"output" of one such system can be the "input" for another such system. Imagine the implications. Add your comment on item 155155

        We will encounter this later in "INTER HEMISPHERIC PERCEPTION", where the left-brain-hemisphere analyzes patterns of activity in the right-brain-hemisphere (as the module might analyze retinal stimulation) and where the right-brain-hemisphere syntheses the products of analysis conducted in the left-brain-hemisphere. Add your comment on item 156156

        This process may develop only in the last stages of biological maturation, with the maturation of the corpus collosum. Add your comment on item 157157



        Mammals have images - as reported by Temple Grandin in "Thinking in Pictures", as do some humans, some of the time. Add your comment on item 159159

        These "inner images" are, in some way, the result of a complex chain of analysis/synthesis of the retinal stimuli that manifests eventually both as storage in mammalian memory and as patterns of neural-molecular activity when accessed to influence behavior (and in later human experientials). Add your comment on item 160160

        Imagine now, how these "inner images"might be themselves analyzed as to parameters for classification and indexing in the brains memory search/access system. Add your comment on item 161161

        We are just beginning to develop these tools for computer digital picture classification and recognition, also as part of face recognition. Add your comment on item 162162

        Processes used early for identification of individuals in social groups may have been applied in other domains. Add your comment on item 163163

        This was the start of a rapid and continuing internal reorganization of brain processing. Add your comment on item 164164

        This probably did not require a major neural reorganization - which is NOT evident in comparative brain studies of humans and other primates. Add your comment on item 165165

        Rather, it would be evident in the computational networks. Add your comment on item 166166

        For efficiency, indexing categories and identities would require short codes.  These could be processed by the image making system, resulting in potential "abstract" symbols - content of experientials. Add your comment on item 167167

        Some humans with synesthesia report visual abstract symbols in mental imagery associated with abstract concepts. Add your comment on item 168168

        We might speculate that distinct sound patters (musical themes) may also associate with abstract concepts. Add your comment on item 169169

        One such evolutionary change began, the might snowball.  These evolutionary changes may have been slow and subtle for extended time periods, only to manifest full-blown at a "convenient moment" - 50-40kya, the "Great Leap Forward" ("this hypothesis can possible unite the controversy with the Continuity Hypothesis). Add your comment on item 170170



        Occasional reports that the corpus callosum was the last part of the brain to biologically mature was to me, a significant but neglected finding.  I recently discovered that this fact is not mentioned in many articles on the development of the corpus callosum. Add your comment on item 172172

        I speculate that this delay in maturation was to protect the brain from destructive disturbance of interaction of certain processing features of the two brain hemispheres: language development in the left and socialization development in the right. Add your comment on item 173173

        The social development (early probably in both hemispheres, but later specialized in the right) is much older than language development, and was initially independent of language. Add your comment on item 174174

        Emotional language may develop in the right, with rational language primarily in the left. Add your comment on item 175175

        The integration of language with socialization may require a degree of independence for each before they can merge. Add your comment on item 176176

        Only those who had late development of the corpus callosum would probably have survived. Add your comment on item 177177

        Reference Articles Add your comment on item 178178

        Abstract: Development of the corpus callosum in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood Add your comment on item 179179

        http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T99-451NRHY-3&_user=10&_coverDate=03%2F08%2F2002&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1256406461&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=15c638a3e0fd833f60b427eb13403c83 Add your comment on item 180180

        The corpus callosum (CC) is the major commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres and there is evidence of its continuing development into young adulthood [Ann. Neurol. 34 (1993) 71]. Yet, little is known about changes in the size and tissue characteristics of its sub-regions. The sub-regions of the CC (genu, body, isthmus and splenium) are topographically organized to carry inter-hemispheric fibres representing heteromodal and unimodal cortical brain regions. Studies of the development of each of these sub-regions can therefore provide insights into the time course of brain development. We assessed age-related changes in the size and the signal intensities (SI) of the sub-regions of the corpus callosum in the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans of a cross-sectional sample of 109 healthy young individuals aged 7-32 years. Add your comment on item 181181

        Age was significantly positively correlated with the size of the callosal sub-regions (with the exception of the isthmus). On the other hand, there was an age-related decrease in SI across all the CC sub-regions. The rates of CC regional size increases appeared to be most pronounced in childhood. By contrast, SI decreases occurred during childhood and adolescence but reached an asymptote during young adulthood. Finally, the observed size and SI changes were similar across CC sub-regions. Add your comment on item 182182

        The observed increases in CC size in conjunction with the decreases in signal intensity reflect continued maturation of the structure from childhood through young adulthood. An increase in axonal size may underlie growth in the size of the CC during childhood. The continued decrease in the CC signal intensity during adolescence may in addition be related to ongoing maturation of the axonal cytoskeleton. CC maturational changes appeared synchronous across sub-regions suggesting parallel maturation of diverse brain regions during childhood and adolescence. Add your comment on item 183183

        Abstract: Development of the corpus callosum and evolution of axon tracts. Add your comment on item 184184

        The evolution of nervous systems has included significant changes in the axon tracts of the central nervous system. These evolutionary changes required changes in axonal growth in embryos. During development, many axons reach their targets by following guidance cues that are organized as pathways in the embryonic substrate, and the overall pattern of the major axon tracts in the adult can be traced back to the fundamental pattern of such substrate pathways. Embryological and comparative anatomical studies suggest that most axon tracts, such as the anterior commissure, have evolved by the modified use of preexisting substrate pathways. On the other hand, recent developmental studies suggest that a few entirely new substrate pathways have arisen during evolution; these apparently provided opportunities for the formation of completely new axon tracts. The corpus callosum, which is found only in placental mammals, may be such a truly new axon tract. We propose that the evolution of the corpus callosum is founded on the emergence of a new preaxonal substrate pathway, the "glial sling," which bridges the two halves of the embryonic forebrain only in placental mammals. Add your comment on item 185185

        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC390192/ Add your comment on item 186186

        "In primates, axon diameter, and hence its conduction velocity has increased in the corpus callosum with increased brain size and so maintained the speed of communication between the two cerebral hemispheres particularly between its primary motor and sensory areas. However this scaling between increased brain size and increased myelination of corpus callosum axons has not occurred between chimpanzees and humans. This has resulted in humans having double the delay time of communication between the two sides of its brain compared to that of macaques." Add your comment on item 187187

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_callosum Add your comment on item 188188

        Sixty-three patients, 3 days to 12 months old, were examined by MR imaging to evaluate the normal development of the corpus callosum in the first year of life. During the first month of life the corpus callosum is uniformly thin and of the same signal intensity as white matter throughout the brain. During the second month, a variable spurt of growth occurs in the genu, followed by a similar period of rapid growth in the splenium between 4-6 months of age. High signal intensity on T1-weighted images related to the myelination process begins to appear in the splenium by about 4 months and in the genu by about 6 months. The corpus callosum has an adult appearance on sagittal scans by about 8 months of age. Add your comment on item 189189

        http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/content/abstract/9/3/487 Add your comment on item 190190

        "The front portion of the corpus callosum has been reported to be significantly larger in musicians than non-musicians,[10] and to be slightly larger in left-handed and ambidextrous people than right-handed people." Add your comment on item 191191

        "Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) is a rare birth defect (congenital disorder) in which there is a complete or partial absence of the corpus callosum. Agenesis of the corpus callosum occurs when the corpus callosum, the band of tissue connecting the two hemispheres of the brain, fails to develop normally, typically in utero, resulting in disconnected brain hemispheres. The development of the fibers which would otherwise form the corpus callosum become longitudinally oriented within each hemisphere and form structures called Probst bundles." Add your comment on item 192192

        In addition to agenesis of the corpus callosum, other callosal disorders include hypogenesis (partial formation), dysgenesis (malformation) of the corpus callosum, and hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the corpus callosum. Add your comment on item 193193



        Although modern humans would like to believe that operant conditioning is not very relevant to them, they are deluded. Add your comment on item 195195

        True, conditioning is not the only process effecting our development, but it remains very significant. Add your comment on item 196196

        Thus, as consciousness emerged in humankind, we continued to also be behaviorally conditioned. Add your comment on item 197197

        As the behavior we were conditioned to become more complex (re tools and signals) our process of worldweaving adapted: cultural evolution and epigenetics became more and more important. Add your comment on item 198198

        This probably instigated the changes in basic memory processes mentioned earlier. Add your comment on item 199199

        The "worlds" from "worldweaving" increased in scope and complexity, as well as their influence on behavior. Add your comment on item 200200

        An "unconscious" sense of these new "worlds in action" may have been "groked" by our human ancestors, before the emergence of explicit self-consciousness-of-awareness characteristic of modern humans. Add your comment on item 201201


        INNER PERCEPTION Add your comment on item 202202

        Ordinary perception is a process where a data set resulting from (hypothesized) stimulation of sensory cells is processed, resulting in another data set we call a "percept" - which then leads to memory, behavior, and experientials. Add your comment on item 203203

        Inner "perception" is a process, analogous to ordinary perception, where the initial data set (to be processed) is a "percept" or other product of prior neural-molecular processes. Add your comment on item 204204

        We might speculate on chains of such "perceptions", where each "percept" can be viewed as both an initial data set and a final data set for the perceptual process. Add your comment on item 205205

        SYNTHESIZING THE ANALYSES OF GESTALTS Add your comment on item 206206

        We can speculate on, at least two, basic processes; Add your comment on item 207207

        analysis - where the data set is reduced, the resultant data in discrete categories. Add your comment on item 208208

        synthesis - where the data set is integrated, where the relevant new data are relationships between prior data points. Add your comment on item 209209

        analysis occurs on the products of synthesis Add your comment on item 210210

        synthesis occurs on the products of analysis Add your comment on item 211211

        INTER-HEMPISPERIC PERCEPTION Add your comment on item 212212

        This is a simplistic model. Add your comment on item 213213

        ANALYSIS: neurons whose cell bodies are in the left hemisphere have their dendrites as receptors at various locations in the right hemisphere. Add your comment on item 214214

        Specifically, where, in the right hemisphere a synthesis "percept" forms. Add your comment on item 215215

        SYNTHESIS: neurons whose cell bodies are in the right hemisphere have their dendrites as receptors at various locations int he left hemisphere. Add your comment on item 216216

        Specifically, where, in the left hemisphere an analysis "percept" forms. Add your comment on item 217217

        This process of alternating analysis/synthesis may occur many times. Each analysis being synthesized and each synthesis being analyzed. Add your comment on item 218218

        This alternation probably also occurs within hemisphere, as well as between them. Add your comment on item 219219

        Different stages in adult development may correlate with how many recursive levels of analysis/synthesis occur in a specific brain. Add your comment on item 220220

        We might designate these as "strange loops". Add your comment on item 221221

        I AM A STRANGE LOOP - DOUG HOFSTADTER Add your comment on item 222222

        In his book by this title, Hofstadter attempts to anchor human self consciousness to this "paradoxical" phenomenon. Add your comment on item 223223

        When I had my first insight about inter-hemispheric perception I speculated that the experience of an "observer" and self-consciousness may be related to this. Add your comment on item 224224



        We now come to the critical issue: the emergence of human explicit self-consciousness-of awareness. Add your comment on item 226226

        There is no evidence that this late developing feature is the prime cause of human evolution; or that it is a prime cause of further human invention and innovation. Add your comment on item 227227

        The reality of a conscious human "will" is now controversial.  This does not remove determination from the human being; it simply does not have it rest solely in "conscious intention". Add your comment on item 228228

        We, holistically, are deciders. And "thank God". Add your comment on item 229229

        When we learn about the limited informational content of conscious experientials, we can be thankful that our decisions are not based on this insufficient information. Add your comment on item 230230

        Deep brain stimuli later to behavior always precedes the consciousness awareness of the decision to act. Add your comment on item 231231

        Conscious awareness of decisions always follow the deciding act, implying that our conscious awareness is a report of the decision, not the act of deciding. Add your comment on item 232232


        QUERIES ABOUT THE EMERGENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS Add your comment on item 233233

     What can we say about the distribution of consciousness in early humans as to waking, day-dreaming, and sleep-dreaming consciousness? Add your comment on item 234234

     Were hallucinations more dominant in early consciousness? Add your comment on item 235235

     What if early humans were unable to easily distinguish these different types of consciousness? Add your comment on item 236236

     Kieran Egan’s holarchy of nested levels of ‘tools for understanding’ (somatic, mythic, romantic, philosophical, ironic) suggests that early humans may have had their conscious experiences in the emergence of the mythic  from the somatic, when they are unable to distinguish  ‘reality’, ‘remembrances’, and ‘imagination/fantasy’. Add your comment on item 237237

     Might human consciousness first arisen in inner dream-like awareness, later to be penetrated by images-from-perception? Add your comment on item 238238

     What would such "intrusions" be like? Add your comment on item 239239

     Human behavior may have remained in the more “automatic behavioral mode of animals”. Add your comment on item 240240

     Might the explicit consciousness of perceptual reality not have been a primary factor, but a secondary feature of human mental evolution. Add your comment on item 241241

     Might human consciousness differ from other mammalian consciousness by content and not by anything essential to consciousness. Add your comment on item 242242

     How has human consciousness been transformed by the different stages of language emergence: gestures and early speech, oral traditions and memory, early written languages for a narrow elite and listening for the rest, expanded literacy after the printing press, and the many faceted features of contemporary communication with video, computers and cell phones, texting and blogging, etc.? Add your comment on item 243243

     Given there are populations trapped in each of these ‘historical’ stages, what might we learn about essential differences in consciousness? Add your comment on item 244244

     What might we lose while we gain? Add your comment on item 245245

        How might the consciousness of newborns, infants and children possibly reflect, in recapitulation, the emergence of consciousness types in humankind? Add your comment on item 246246

     A dominant perennial canon is the existence of a better world beyond perceptual reality. Might this have come from an earlier experience of such a world in earlier dream consciousness? Add your comment on item 247247

        Some cultures today give greater truth-value to dream life than perceptual life. Add your comment on item 248248

     Why have so many concluded that we humans, alone, have consciousness? Add your comment on item 249249

     Is it because we have associated human consciousness with language? Add your comment on item 250250

     This controversy is still emotional when claiming that animals have consciousness, in spite of the effort of Temple Grandin. Add your comment on item 251251

        Julian Jaynes proposed a minor shift in human consciousness, in relatively recent times, which remains (fortunately) controversial. Add your comment on item 252252

     I was motivated to re-examine this issue when reading Karen Armstrong’s ‘The Case for God’. Add your comment on item 253253

     Although Armstrong is not explicit in talking about consciousness, she reveals many significant aspects of its early emergence. For example, early consciousness had no concern about “belief”, which is embedded in complex language. For twenty centuries human youth were initiated into adulthood in the deep caves of France - where visual images fueled imagination and commitment. Yet, in India it was the sound feature of speech that was their first focus. Add your comment on item 254254



        ARTISTIC EXPRESSION Add your comment on item 256256

        Artifacts exhibiting artistic expression appear early in human evolution: scratches on rocks, carving, jewelry, body painting, cave painting, etc.  It is generally assumed that artists were in some way "representing" what they perceived in their real world. Add your comment on item 257257

        I speculate that early artists were attempting to create an artform to perceive that in some way resembled what they had experienced in dreams or hallucinations. Add your comment on item 258258

        This may have occurred before humans become conscious-of-their-awareness of perceived reality. Add your comment on item 259259

        Dreams and hallucinations may have been the first "intrusions" into their flow awareness, and their artistic focus on their creations may have been some of the first focused perceptual experiences. Add your comment on item 260260

        AUTISTIC SAVANTS PAINTED THE CAVES Add your comment on item 261261

        The nature of savants has yet to be adequately explored. It may be that these extremes are but the end of a variation of competency in the population. Add your comment on item 262262

        I speculate that the cave painters were artistic savants; rare individuals with special talents. Add your comment on item 263263

        That they could produce artforms capable of being perceived by many would have given them high value. Add your comment on item 264264

        MUSIC AND INNER MATHEMATICS Add your comment on item 265265

        We have yet to adequately comprehend the relationship to music and mathematics and brain computation. Add your comment on item 266266

        Musical competency has a great range and variation, as do most human competencies. Add your comment on item 267267

        STORY TELLING OF DREAMS  --- THE NEW REALITY Add your comment on item 268268

        We traditionally view story telling as tales about historical trips, usually fictionalized. Add your comment on item 269269

        I speculate that we first told stories of our dreams. Add your comment on item 270270

        This remains a practice in some cultures, today. Add your comment on item 271271

        It was only later that reports of travels and of the history of the tribe become primary topics of story telling. Add your comment on item 272272

        WAKING CONSCIOUSNESS IS LUCID DREAMING Add your comment on item 273273

        Lucid dreaming is usually when we ascribe "waking" aspects to the dreamer - such as attention and control. Add your comment on item 274274

        Some lucid dreamers have reported problems with discerning whether they are awake or asleep. Add your comment on item 275275

        Imagine an "inverse" of lucid dreaming. In a "normal" state of waking flow awareness there intrudes "images" where "you" appear to begin to control your actions.  This may be how explicit consciousness-of-awareness first emerged in humans. Add your comment on item 276276

        There may also be an "inverse" relationship to autism. On interpretation of autistic phenomena is that the perceptual world is suppressed and dominated by the inner world. Add your comment on item 277277

        Most autistic persons, in supportive environments, don't have to learn to cope to survive and thus are fully dominated by their inner worlds. Add your comment on item 278278

        For early humans, where flow awareness was natural, they may have been able to continue functioning at times between when they were overwhelmed by inner intrusions. Add your comment on item 279279


            WAKING CONSCIOUSNESS IS LUCID DREAMING   early essay Add your comment on item 280280

            This may please, somewhat, those who desire that ALL be a dream - whether or not there are dreamers. But, this speculation is more to be a stimulant than a solution. Add your comment on item 281281

            What, in this model is most dream-like, is the mostly unconscious background or context of the explicit dream content - the Framing Assumed Reality (FAR) of the explicit experiential. Add your comment on item 282282

            A righty-tea-bagger and a lefty-progressive may both view the same scene of “protest”. Their experientials are heavily emotionally laden. The clubbing of a protester may be experienced as either an “exercise of just law” or “brutal oppression”. Optically, the Gibsonian <http://www.amazon.com/Ecological-Approach-Visual-Perception/dp/0898599598> wave fronts of light emanating from the scene may be the same for both observers. The term “protest” has radically different meanings for each, with opposite value attributions. Add your comment on item 283283

            This difference is not new; indeed humankind’s awareness of this difference may go back to the very beginnings of human consciousness.  Nor, is viewing waking consciousness as a different form of dreaming, new. What may be “new” is to begin taking the “experiential” as primitive (for our construction of a “reality beyond direct experience”); although this may also be claimed as the foundation of phenomenology.  At least, this thinking is new for me, today. Add your comment on item 284284

            Careful interrogation of righty and lefty may result in close “objective” descriptions of the “external event”. But, maybe not. Add your comment on item 285285

            My shift is to think of myself, now - in waking consciousness - as a dreamer dreaming that he is awake, an observer in an objective, external reality. In lucid dreaming (which I have not experienced as defined) it is claimed that the “observer of the dream” is “alert” and “aware that it is a dream”.  I am not sure about the “observer IN the dream”, whether it is even considered whether this “observing in a dream” is either waking or dreaming. Add your comment on item 286286

            When I acknowledge that the context and meaning I give to the content of my waking experientials, which are integral to those experientials, is NOT information in the Gibsonian wave fronts entering my eyes, I realize that my experientials are NOT direct experience.  That it appears real, as “out there, to be observed” is a quality the same for both normal night dreams and normal waking experiences. This is a characteristic of “the observer frame” employed by our “worldweaver” competency. Add your comment on item 287287

            I believe that this perspective may be useful in comprehending the widening gaps in realities among different human players at this critical time. Add your comment on item 288288

            I have discovered that I can “play” with different realities.  I can embed myself in the reality of “24” and experience the drama as if experienced by those who believe “24” to be an accurate futurist forecast of our reality emergent. Add your comment on item 289289


        VISIONS OF A NEW PLACE TO GO, HEAVEN AND HELL Add your comment on item 290290

        What motivated our human ancestors to rapidly spread across the planet? Add your comment on item 291291

        In addition to the normal motivations, maybe they had dream visions of a better place. Add your comment on item 292292

        Special visionaries, respected by their tribe, may have motivated the tribe to migrate, even when it wasn't essential for survival. Add your comment on item 293293

        That dreams would contain visions of the deceased would give rise to a belief in an "after life". Add your comment on item 294294

        Visions of an after life would be powerful to attract persons to belief systems when faced with suffering and mortality. Add your comment on item 295295



        Over time, the intrusions from the inner world integrated with improved perceptual-motor activity in the "real" world. Add your comment on item 297297

        Making records of perceptual observations and events began to shift the focus of attention to the waking, perceived world. Add your comment on item 298298

        As Jaron Lanier has said, our perceived world is the first level of virtual reality. No humans have scientific evidence for a direct contact with an external reality - although many report that their experientials contain such evidence. Add your comment on item 299299

        Many factors and processes interacted and integrated, over time, as human culture emerged and human individuals evolved consistent with those cultures. Add your comment on item 300300



        Some hard liners insist that evolution "really" exists only for biological organism. But, evidence accumulates: that all holons in the holarchy of life evolve.  Tribes (those cultural homogenous social groupings of early humans) were probably as much selected in natural selection as individuals. Add your comment on item 302302

        Most individuals would not survive long outside a tribe, unless they quickly organized with other tribal misfits to form new tribes. Add your comment on item 303303

        The combination of traits for emergent humans made them ideally fit for their time, and their population exploded and they rapidly expanded to fill most habitable locations. Add your comment on item 304304

        Periods of glaciation and the heavy melt from glaciers provided "kindergarten" learning environments for early humans. Add your comment on item 305305

        Few humans, if any, lived on the glaciers.  Just as the Antarctic waters are rich in life, the biomes near the glaciers were also verdant, although the cold had to be dealt with. Add your comment on item 306306

        During glaciation the sea level was low and humans probably inhabited low altitude lands now covered with ocean water. Add your comment on item 307307

        I read that land equivalent to the land mass of Africa open up during maximum glaciation. Add your comment on item 308308

        It is possible that more green vegetation exists during glaciation than other times. Add your comment on item 309309

        Low sea level made migration possible to many regions that we later blocked by rising waters. Add your comment on item 310310

        While some humans lived near the glaciers, many others lived in the tropics and did not experience snowy winters. Add your comment on item 311311

        We tend to ignore the period while the glaciers were melting, which may have been more influential on human evolution that the periods during glaciation. Add your comment on item 312312

        Century long rapid rivers prohibited animal migration between regions, thus creating isolation for specialized evolution. Add your comment on item 313313

        Rapid shifting in environment may have reduced many human groups to minimum size for survival. If isolated, their comeback may have featured unique competencies. Add your comment on item 314314

        These competencies, if DNA encoded, could be passed on to other tribes and eventually distributed among the greater human population. Add your comment on item 315315

        The 1000+ year return of cold in the Younger Dryas (11kya) probably upset many human settlements. Add your comment on item 316316

        GARDEN OF EDEN Add your comment on item 317317

        Although there have been many extreme variations, and some sudden climate changes, in all the past 10,000 years has been a virtual "Garden of Eden" for life, and human life particularly. Add your comment on item 318318

        This "Garden of Eden" is rapidly coming to an end; only in part by our own actions. Add your comment on item 319319

        Most of the easily accessible resources available to our human ancestors no longer exist.  Whether we can reclaim requisite resources from our scrap heaps and garbage, and learn how to cultivate toxified land and water, will be our challenge. Add your comment on item 320320



        Brain plasticity is no in vogue and charlatans are touting their magical formulas.  We are only beginning to learn about human change, and we must remain open to question ALL assumptions. Add your comment on item 322322

        Epigenetics is another rising force. A Lemarkean return? At least we must now consider the biological inheritance of competencies learned by those in a tribal community - if not by parents. Add your comment on item 323323

        This may speed up cultural evolution. Add your comment on item 324324

        With the great variety of cultures and environments over the past few millennia, we can anticipate a vast diversity of humans to emerge.  While our literature my highlight the most recent comers, there remains over the Earth pockets of tribes and persons basically locked-into their culture from long ago. Add your comment on item 325325

        With globalization and The Internet, this mix is churning. Add your comment on item 326326

        We must avoid the dangerous arrogance that the "most evolved" are the most abundant, or are destined to rule forever. Add your comment on item 327327

        The "rise and fall of civilizations" indicates that the "most evolved" are not masters of long term survival. Add your comment on item 328328

        Keiran Egan and others propose that we may often lose while we gain. Add your comment on item 329329

        As our language modes change, our brains - in their plasticity - also change. Add your comment on item 330330

        It is claimed that readers lose the ability to appreciate the aural world. Add your comment on item 331331

        Many are worried about the effects of texting and game playing on the minds of our youth. Add your comment on item 332332

        Egan proposes that human cultures evolved through stages, each dominated by a new "cognitive tool". Add your comment on item 333333

        Egan's stages: Somatic, Mythic, Romantic, Philosophical/Scientific, Ironic Add your comment on item 334334

        Egan proposes Imaginative Education as a process that takes youth through these stages, encaputalting our cultural evolution in their learning & development. Add your comment on item 335335

        Imaginative Education provides means by which many competencies seemed to be linked to higher stages can be introduced and mastered (at appropriate levels) at lower stages. Add your comment on item 336336

        Egan's stages are related to the Adult Stage Development models of Graves, Beck & Cowan (Spiral Dynamics) and the Subject/Object stage model of Robert Kegan. Add your comment on item 337337

        Adult Stage Development is a neglected, but IMHO essential feature for comprehending human change. Add your comment on item 338338


        THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATION Add your comment on item 339339

        THE EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE Add your comment on item 340340

        EARLY TECHNOLOGY  PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL Add your comment on item 341341

        DECEPTION, CORRUPTION AN EARLY FEATURE Add your comment on item 342342


        HUNTING,GATHERING (SCAVAGING) TO "CULTIVATION" Add your comment on item 343343

        DOMESTICATION OF OTHER SPECIES Add your comment on item 344344

        RELATING TO OTHER SPECIES Add your comment on item 345345

        HUMANS DOMESTICATING OTHER HUMANS Add your comment on item 346346


        NOMADS & FARMERS Add your comment on item 347347

        SOME CITIES AS YEARLY GATHERING SITES OF NOMADS Add your comment on item 348348

        MUMFORD - CITIES AS THE FIRST MACHINES Add your comment on item 349349

        CLASHING & COOPERATIVE TRIBAL CULTURES Add your comment on item 350350

        WHOLE CITY MANAGEMENT - THE RISE OF BUREAUCRACY Add your comment on item 351351

        AGRICULTURE TO FEED URBANITES Add your comment on item 352352

        ART AND INTELLECT, CREATIVITY Add your comment on item 353353


        CRIME AND WAR, INVASION, CONQUEST AND SLAVERY ==>> CIVILIZATION Add your comment on item 354354


        THE EMERGENCE OF THE ADVANCED HUMAN MIND Add your comment on item 356356



        COMPUTERS Add your comment on item 359359

        COLLAPSE AND STRUGGLES Add your comment on item 360360


        CURRENT STATE OF HUMANKIND Add your comment on item 361361

        DISTRIBUTIONS vs AVERAGES Add your comment on item 362362

        COGNITIVE DIVERSITY & ADULT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES Add your comment on item 363363

        SOCIOPATHS AND ZOMBIES Add your comment on item 364364


        EPIDEMICS OF DYSFUNCTION (MADNESS) Add your comment on item 366366

        GAIA FIGHTS BACK Add your comment on item 367367

        OPPOSITION IS NAIVE - OFTEN STRENGTHENS OPPRESSION Add your comment on item 368368

        ARROGANCE OF SELF CONSCIOUSNESS Add your comment on item 369369

        A SEVERELY DEPRESSED PHENOTYPE Add your comment on item 370370


        FUTURE EVOLUTION Add your comment on item 371371

        As time is brief for this presentation, I will leap from the beginnings of human civilization to our times and speculate on the future evolution of human consciousness, primarily for the near future. Unfortunately, this leap glosses over what may be some of the most significant changes in human mind/consciousness as diverse brains adapted to equally diverse social and cultural settings - all in change. Add your comment on item 372372

        Given we have much yet to learn about the relationships in the molecular, cellular, physiological, neural, and socio-cultural domains we cannot say that little to no "evolution" occurred in historical time. Add your comment on item 373373

        I believe that the future of humanity is critically dependent on how we navigate our contemporary Crisis-of-Crises. Add your comment on item 374374

        IMHO the impacts of Kurzweilian fantasies, longevity extension, DNA manipulation, cyborging, AI Singularities, extra-terrestrial fusions, space colonization, spiritual transcendence, etc. are all moot - if we don't quickly resolve our current difficulties (being polite). None of these can save us. Add your comment on item 375375

        I will first cite a few FACTORS relevant to our situation and then propose a few ACTIONS we may take to move us on a better path. Add your comment on item 376376


        FACTORS Add your comment on item 377377

        CIVILIZATION IS THE PROBLEM Add your comment on item 378378

        I define CIVILIZATION as a social paradigm where a small elite manipulates the vast masses for the benefit of the elite. Add your comment on item 379379

        There are many definitions for "civilization" and we may need a few primary characteristics, while other characteristics are secondary. Add your comment on item 380380

        Probably a consequence of "elite control of the many", but also possibly an independent primary factor, is the separation of humans from their biological substrate - with "nature" to be owned and exploited. Add your comment on item 381381

        The emergence of an arrogant and individualistic self consciousness was probably a major impetus for the emergence of the civilization paradigm; but living within emergent civilization was also a powerful influence on how consciousness manifested. Add your comment on item 382382

        See Gregory Bateson's conference to consider the impact of human consciousness. Add your comment on item 383383

        We must distinguish "defining characteristics of civilization" from possible "causes" that enabled civilizations to emerge from the prior organized states of humankind. Add your comment on item 384384

        It is unlikely that there is ONE primary cause for the emergence of civilization as it is unlikely that there is ONE primary cause for the emergence of humans from the primate substrate. Add your comment on item 385385

        We will find that the use and adaptation of some innovations (initially minor) may have led to tipping points in the emergence of civilization; different modes of language use may be one such innovation.  Similarly, food and health care innovations. Add your comment on item 386386

        See   futurists book on this ?? Add your comment on item 387387

        Bureaucracy is a technology to achieve the temporary success of civilization. Add your comment on item 388388

        Civilization is the default paradigm if no other alternative is available.  Only TODAY is an alternative available. Add your comment on item 389389

        Technological innovations have both enhanced the ability of civilization to survive and give power to alternatives to replace civilization as the primary paradigm. Add your comment on item 390390

        All civilizations appear to be unstable, and to eventually collapse. Add your comment on item 391391

        Our "Western Civilization" is in the process of collapse, which may have disastrous effects on the whole of humankind and on Gaia. Add your comment on item 392392

        It appears that any attempt to postpone the collapse may make the consequences worse when collapse happens. Add your comment on item 393393

        All "solutions" to prevent collapse result in a humankind that is well below our human potentials, and is a disgrace. Add your comment on item 394394

        Quinn on walking away from civilization and the meme that civilization is the ONLY means for human society. Add your comment on item 395395


        DEPRESSED PHENOTYPE Add your comment on item 396396

        The primary consequence of Civilization is a depressed human phenotype. Add your comment on item 397397

        We need only look at global statistics. Add your comment on item 398398

        Genotype vs Phenotype Add your comment on item 399399

        Genotype - is the distribution of variation in the DNA or genes of the living human population. Add your comment on item 400400

        Phenotype - is the distribution of developed features of humans, in the living human population. Add your comment on item 401401

        The potential phenotype distributions for a given genotype must always be a matter of speculation, depending on the environments available. Add your comment on item 402402

        Environments depressing better phenotype distributions, for humans today and during the Era of Civilizations, have been primarily the product of human design, and intentional for elite control. Add your comment on item 403403

        As far as I know, no other mammalian species have such depressed phenotypes resulting from their own behavior. Add your comment on item 404404

        If such species did exist, they would probably have been soon extinct. Add your comment on item 405405

        When a mothers health is good and the nurturing environment is good, human infants become healthy children. Add your comment on item 406406

        The Human Genotype is not our problem. Add your comment on item 407407

        Civilization, for elite control of the masses, has severely depressed the human phenotype. Add your comment on item 408408

        Civilization facilitates the expression of traits that may be of value in certain circumstances but are very dangerous when expressed today. Add your comment on item 409409

        The sociopathic trait may be useful when we need someone to make recommendations free of human bias for the concern of others, who can focus only on success and not on collateral damage. But, a social system that attracts and filters such sociopaths to pinnacles of power is a suicidal act. Add your comment on item 410410



        The trivialized quartet (teaching, studying, planning, and managing) Add your comment on item 412412


        ACTIONS (see Narrative for Talk for details) Add your comment on item 413413

        UPLIFT Add your comment on item 414414

        BUS -- BOOTSTRAP UPLIFT  SCENARIO/SYSTEM/SCAFFOLDING Add your comment on item 415415

        O4L&L4O  LQE Add your comment on item 416416

        VIRTUAL VOYAGES Add your comment on item 417417

        THIS GREAT DAY Add your comment on item 418418


        SPECULATIVE ADDITIONAL PROCESSES Add your comment on item 419419

        WILD CARDS Add your comment on item 420420

        NON-HUMAN INTEVENTION Add your comment on item 421421


        SHELDRAKE'S MORPHOGENEETIC FIELDS Add your comment on item 423423

        ENTANGLEMENT AND DEEP BRAIN RESONANCES Add your comment on item 424424

        IDENTICAL TWINS Add your comment on item 425425

        FEEDPAST BOOTSTRAPPING Add your comment on item 426426

        HOLISTIC DETERMINATION Add your comment on item 427427

        BACTERIAL ANALOGY Add your comment on item 428428

        SOCIETAL METAMORPHOSIS Add your comment on item 429429


        FUTURE PROCESSES (ONCE WE SURVIVE OUR CRISIS-OF-CRISES) Add your comment on item 430430

        HUMAN GENETIC ENGINEERING Add your comment on item 431431

        SURVIVING FUTURE NATURAL CATASTROPHIES Add your comment on item 432432

        NANOTECH AND CYBORG Add your comment on item 433433

        SPACE Add your comment on item 434434

        UNDERGROUND, OCEAN, AND SKY Add your comment on item 435435

        MOMENTARY STATES Add your comment on item 436436

        RESOURCES Add your comment on item 437437


        http://humanorigins.si.edu/human-characteristics/brains Add your comment on item 438438

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution Add your comment on item 439439